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The Indian waste to energy (WtE) market is currently in its early stage relative to the global waste to energy market, but it is growing rapidly. The market is driven by the increasing need to manage municipal solid waste (MSW) in a sustainable way.
Also during the years dominated by covid-19, public awareness about cleanliness has increased pressure on the urban local governments and industries to manage trash more efficiently, this has increased the demand for waste to energy plants in the nation.
The increasing urbanization, industrialization, and changes in the pattern of life have given rise to a generation of increasing quantities of waste. In recent years, waste to energy technologies have been developed that not only help generate a substantial quantity of decentralized energy but also reduce the amount of trash for its safe disposal.
Furthermore, the Increasing energy demand as countries shift from coal to renewable energy is increasing the demand for Waste to energy generation.
Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of producing energy from municipal waste, biomedical waste, agricultural waste and other waste in electricity and heat. Waste to energy conversion is a type of energy recovery. Most waste to energy operations directly generate electricity and heat through burning or generating a combustible fuel commodity such as methane, methanol, ethanol, or synthetic fuels.
Biomethanation: It is the anaerobic digestion of organic waste materials converted into biogas and manure. Anaerobic digestion is a bacterial fermentation process that operates without oxygen and results in biogas mainly containing methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and other gases.
Incineration: Incineration technology is the complete combustion of Waste (only combustible waste such as Municipal Solid Waste) with heat recovery to produce steam that generates power through steam turbines.
Gasification: Gasification is used at high temperatures (500-1800 deg C) in the presence of low oxygen to decompose waste materials to produce synthetic gas and hydrogen (H2). Biomass, agro-residues, and municipal solid waste are used in the gasifier to produce syngas. This gas can further be used for thermal or power generation purposes.
Pyrolysis: Pyrolysis uses combustion to break down waste materials without oxygen, producing a mixture of combustible gases, primarily methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, liquids, and solid residues. The products of the pyrolysis process are:
● Gas mixture
● Liquid (bio-oil/tar)
● Solid residue (carbon black).
The gas generated by these processes can be used in boilers to provide heat or cleaned up and used in combustion turbine generators. The pyrolysis of Waste is to minimize emissions and maximize the gain.
The Indian government has identified waste to energy as a renewable (clean Energy) technology and is supporting it with different subsidies and incentives. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is actively promoting all viable technologies for energy recovery from municipal and industrial wastes.
According to MNRE, the estimated energy generation potential from urban and industrial organic waste in India is approximately 5,690 MW. The primary sources contributing to this potential include Urban Solid Waste (1,247 MW), Urban Liquid Waste (375 MW), Paper (liquid waste, 254 MW), and the Processing and Preservation of Meat (liquid waste, 182 MW).
In India, the conventional waste disposal methods include waste collection by unorganised waste pickers, waste burning (industrial waste, food waste, and other hazardous waste), and landfilling, all of which release carbon dioxide. The Waste To Energy Plant initiatives can help minimise carbon emission. With government incentives for constructing waste to energy facilities, the number of incineration plants and WTE facilities has increased in India.
In India's metropolitan regions, around 55 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) and 38 million litres of sewage are created each year. In addition, industries create a considerable amount of solid and liquid waste. Waste output in India is anticipated to skyrocket in the coming years. Consumption levels and trash generation rates are anticipated to climb as more people relocate to cities and income levels rise. It is projected that the quantity of trash created in India would rise at a per capita rate of 1-1.33% each year.
As of July 2023, India has a cumulative installed capacity of approximately 10.2 GW for biomass power and cogeneration projects, while the total installed capacity for waste-to-energy projects reached 522.42 MWeq. With the total number of active WTE plants in India being only 14, the potential to turns the nations waste into energy source is still underutilized.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is promoting the national program to recover energy from industrial, urban, and rural wastes. Since this program seeks to facilitate the setting up of waste-to-energy and biomass gasifier projects, various financial incentives and other eligibility criteria have been proposed by the MNRE to encourage participation in waste-to-energy projects.
For instance, consider the National Bioenergy Programme which was launched in November 2022. The scheme comprises of the subthemes such as:
The Financial Assistance for waste to energy plants is listed below:
(You can access a comprehensive list of both existing and upcoming Waste-to-Energy Projects in the world, along with their current status, through our extensive Global Waste to Energy Database)
Blackridge Research's India Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Market report provides insights into the current global market demand and regional market demand scenario and its outlook.
The study offers a detailed analysis of various factors instrumental in affecting the India Waste-to-Energy (WTE) market's growth. The study also comprehensively analyses the India WTE market by segmenting it based on type of WTE technology deployed (Biological, Thermal).
The Indian Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Industry market report also addresses present and future market opportunities, market trends, and developments in the India Waste-to-Energy (WTE) market, important commercial developments, trends, regions, and segments poised for the fastest-growth (including market growth rate), competitive landscape.
Further, the India Waste to Energy Market report will also provide India Waste to Energy market size (total India Waste-to-Energy (WTE) market revenue), demand forecast, List of waste to energy plants in India, upcoming waste to energy projects in India, Industry growth rates (CAGR), market share of key market players (contains company overview, their strategies for future market growth), and trade (imports and exports).
Further, the India Waste to Energy Market report will also provide India Waste to Energy market size (total India Waste-to-Energy (WTE) market revenue), demand forecast, Industry growth rates (CAGR), Market Share of key market players, and trade (imports and exports).
1. Executive Summary
2. Research Scope and Methodology
3. Market Analysis
4. Industry Analysis
5. Market Segmentation & Analysis
6. Competitive Landscape
8. Key Company Profiles
9. Conclusions and Recommendations
List of Tables & Figures
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