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Global Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Market Outlook to 2028

Global Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Market Outlook to 2028

Market Research Reports | Q1 2024 | Report ID: BR0174

About the Report

The waste-to-energy (WtE) market has witnessed significant growth in recent years and is poised for further expansion. Factors driving this growth include increasing waste generation, the challenges associated with landfilling and depleting landfill spaces, the need for clean energy sources, and the rising global awareness of environmental sustainability.


However, the high upfront investment, rising public opposition to waste to energy plants, and stringent government regulations are some of the major restraints on the expansion of the global waste to energy market.


What is Waste to Energy?

Waste-to-energy (WtE) refers to the process of converting various types of waste into usable energy in the form of electricity or heat. This approach is considered a sustainable and environmentally friendly method for both waste disposal and energy production.


It encompasses a range of waste treatment processes that harness waste sources to generate energy in the form of electricity, heat, or transportation fuels such as diesel. These technologies are versatile and can be employed for various types of waste, including semi-solid examples like thickened sludge from effluent treatment plants, liquid waste like domestic sewage, and gaseous waste such as refinery gases.


However, the most widespread application of WtE technologies involves the processing of municipal waste. Among the prevalent WtE methods used for MSW treatment, incineration within combined heat and power (CHP) plants stands out as the most recognized and established technology.


Waste-to-energy offers several advantages, including reducing the volume of waste going to landfills, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by capturing methane produced in landfills, and providing a source of renewable energy. It can help address both waste management and energy generation needs while contributing to a more sustainable and environmentally responsible approach to these issues.



Increasing Waste Generation and Lack of Landfill Capacity

Rapid urbanization and the resultant increasing waste production have led to a scarcity of landfill space and environmental concerns, pushing governments and municipalities to seek alternative waste management solutions. 


The traditional waste disposal methods, particularly landfilling, have raised several environmental concerns. These include the release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, from landfills, which contributes to climate change, as well as groundwater contamination due to leachate from landfilled waste materials. Moreover, land scarcity for landfill sites is a pressing issue in many regions.


According to the United Nations Organization (UNO), approximately 2.24 billion tons of municipal solid waste are generated each year, with only 55 percent of this waste being managed in controlled facilities. The UNO projections suggest that by 2050, this amount could increase significantly to reach 3.88 billion tons annually.


The combined effects of rapid urbanization, increased waste production, environmental concerns, and government initiatives are expected to push governments and municipalities toward adopting waste-to-energy solutions.


The UNO projections indicating a significant increase in waste generation by 2050 underscore the urgency of finding sustainable waste management solutions. Waste-to-energy technologies are well-positioned to contribute to meeting the growing demand for waste treatment and energy generation.


Governments and regulatory bodies are also increasingly recognizing the importance of waste-to-energy technologies in addressing waste management challenges. They are implementing policies, incentives, and regulations to encourage the adoption of these technologies. This includes setting targets for reducing landfill use and increasing the share of energy generated from waste.



Rising Public Opposition to Waste to Energy Plants

Public opposition to WtE plants owing to the environmental impact of WtE facilities, particularly in terms of air emissions, potential health risks, and their contribution to climate change, is one of the major restraints on the expansion of waste to energy market. For instance, in India, seven waste to energy plants were closed over the above issues.

Public opposition to WTE plants makes it difficult to get permits for new plants and to expand existing plants, making it more expensive and time-consuming to develop and operate WTE plants.


Segment Analysis

The global waste-to-energy market is currently dominated by the thermal segment, primarily attributed to the extensive uptake of incineration thermal technology. This adoption has played a major role in propelling overall waste to energy market growth. Thermal conversion methods provide a streamlined and straightforward process characterized by operational ease, rendering them a preferred option for waste-to-energy initiatives.


However, the biological segment is growing rapidly and is expected to exhibit a higher growth rate relative to the thermal processes during the forecast period. Governments around the world are increasingly supporting biological WTE as a sustainable waste management solution. This support is in the form of financial incentives, tax breaks, and regulations that favour biological WTE. 


Regional Analysis

In terms of regional markets, the Asia Pacific waste to energy market is currently the fastest-growing in the world, primarily led by the capacity additions in China, as the nation has embraced waste-to-energy (WtE) incineration as a main technology to realize its objectives of achieving renewable and sustainable municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal. To support the sustainable implementation of WtE, a series of policies and regulations have been introduced in the country.


In Europe, the waste-to-energy market is also poised for rapid expansion during the forecast period. The European Union's initiatives aim to replace existing landfills with waste-to-energy facilities. Additionally, a noteworthy trend is the increasing involvement of the private sector in developing large-scale waste-to-energy projects, departing from the traditional public sector dominance.


Recent Market Trends and Developments

  • The increasing participation of the private sector in waste-to-energy projects and public-private partnerships is influencing project development and innovation.
  • Small-scale and decentralized waste-to-energy solutions are gaining popularity, allowing communities and industries to manage their waste locally while producing energy.
  • There is an increasing focus on using agricultural and industrial waste to produce ethanol for blending with fossil fuel. 
  • Rising number of waste incineration plants in Southeast Asia.
  • The waste-to-energy sector is increasingly aligning with the principles of the circular economy, focusing on waste reduction, recycling, and resource energy recovery.
  • French waste management expert Paprec, in partnership with Maltese construction company Bonnici Bros, has been chosen to construct and manage a waste-to-energy plant in Maghtab, Malta.
  • In October 2023, Iraq announced its plan to build the nation’s first waste-to-energy plan.
  • On September 9, 2023, India unveiled the establishment of the Global Biofuel Alliance and made an appeal to G-20 nations to participate in the initiative. The call to action is to promote the global adoption of ethanol blending with petrol, with a target of achieving a 20% blend ratio.
  • In July 2023, the Bangladesh government announced its plan to construct the nation's first incineration plant amid power crisis.
  • India is implementing 90 projects under its waste to energy program. These projects include biogas generation projects, bioCNG projects, and other waste power projects.


The new market research report from Blackridge Research on the global waste to energy market comprehensively analyzes the market and provides deep insight into the current and future state of the industry.


The study examines the drivers, restraints, and regional trends influencing global waste to energy (wte) market demand and growth.


The report also addresses present and future market opportunities, market dynamics, and the impact of major world events on the global waste to energy market, as well as important commercial developments, trends, regions, and segments poised for the fastest growth, competitive landscape, and market share of key players.


Further, the report will also provide global waste to energy market size, demand forecast, and growth rates.


(You can access a comprehensive list of both existing and upcoming waste-to-energy plant projects, along with their current status, through our Global Waste-to-Energy Projects Database)


What do we Cover in the Report?

Global Waste to Energy Market Dynamics

The study covers all the major underlying forces that help the market develop and grow and the factors that constrain growth.


The report includes a meticulous analysis of each factor, explaining the relevant, qualitative information with supporting data.


Each factor's respective impact in the near, medium, and long term will be covered using Harvey balls for visual communication of qualitative information and will functions as a guide for you to analyze the degree of impact.


Global Waste to Energy Market Analysis

This report discusses the market overview, the latest updates, important commercial developments and structural trends, and government policies and regulations.


Global Waste to Energy Market Size and Demand Forecast

The report provides global market size and demand forecasts until 2028, including year-on-year (YoY) growth rates and CAGR.


Global Waste to Energy Market Analysis

The report examines the critical elements of the global waste to energy industry supply chain, its structure, and the participants.


Using Porter's five forces framework, the report covers an assessment of the global waste to energy industry's state of competition and profitability.


Global Waste to Energy Market Segmentation & Forecast

The report dissects the global waste to energy market into segments based on waste to energy technology type. A detailed summary of the current scenario, recent developments, and market outlook will be provided for each segment.


Further, market size and demand forecasts will be presented, along with various drivers and barriers for individual market segments.


Effective market segmentation enables you to identify emerging trends and opportunities for long-term growth. Contact us for "bespoke" market segmentation to better align the research report with your requirements.


Regional Market Analysis

The report covers detailed profiles of major countries across the world. Each country's analysis covers the current market scenario, market drivers, government policies & regulations, and market outlook.


In addition, market size, demand forecast, and market growth rates will be provided for all regions.


Following are the notable countries covered under each region.


North America - United States, Canada, Mexico, and the Rest of North America

Europe - Germany, France, United Kingdom (UK), Russia, and the Rest of Europe

Asia Pacific - China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and the Rest of APAC

Rest of the World – South America, the Middle East, and Africa


Key Company Profiles

This report presents detailed profiles of key companies in the global waste to energy industry, such as China Everbright Environment Group Ltd, Covanta Holding Corporation, Veolia, etc. 


Generally, each company profile includes a company overview, relevant products and services, a financial overview, and recent developments.


Competitive Analysis

The market research report provides a comprehensive list of notable companies in the market, including mergers and acquisitions (M&As), joint ventures (JVs), partnerships, collaborations, and other business agreements.


The study also discusses the strategies adopted by leading players in the industry.


Executive Summary

The executive summary will be jam-packed with charts, infographics, and forecasts. This chapter summarizes the findings of the report crisply and clearly. 


The report begins with an executive summary chapter and ends with conclusions and recommendations.


Get a free sample copy of the global waste to energy market report by clicking the "Download a Free Sample Now!" button at the top of the page. 


Also check out our regional waste to energy market reports:

  Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Research Scope and Methodology

3. Market Analysis

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Market Dynamics
    • 3.2.1. Drivers
    • 3.2.2 Restraints
  • 3.3 Market Trends & Developments
  • 3.4 Market Opportunities
  • 3.5 Market Size and Forecast

4. Industry Analysis

  • 4.1 Supply Chain Analysis
  • 4.2 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis

5. Market Segmentation & Forecast

  • 5.1 By Technology
    • 5.1.1 Thermal
    • 5.1.2 Biological

6. Regional Market Analysis

  • 6.1 North America
  • 6.2 Europe
  • 6.3 Asia-Pacific
  • 6.4 Rest of the World

7. Key Company Profiles

  • 7.1 Technology Providers
    • 7.1.1 Hitachi Zosen Corporation
    • 7.1.2 Babcock & Wilcox Vølund A/S
    • 7.1.3 Keppel Seghers
    • 7.1.4 Valmet
    • 7.1.5 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    • 7.1.6 JFE Engineering Corporation
    • 7.1.7 Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    • 7.1.8 Ebara Corporation
    • 7.1.9 Other Notable Players
  • 7.2 Owners & Operator
    • 7.2.1 China Everbright Environment Group Ltd
    • 7.2.2 Covanta Holding Corporation
    • 7.2.3 Veolia
    • 7.2.4 Other Notable Players

8. Competitive Landscape

  • 8.1 List of Notable Players in the Market
  • 8.2 M&A, JV, and Agreements
  • 8.3 Market Share Analysis
  • 8.4 Strategies of Key Players

9. Conclusions and Recommendations

List of Tables & Figures


Additional Notes


  This report helps to:-

• Equip yourself with rigorous analysis and forward looking insight into the waste-to-energy market across various regions

• Discover information on government policy, regulation and targets across major countries and regions

• Gain understanding of uncertainty and discover how the most influential growth drivers and restraints in the regions/countries will impact market development

• Assess market data and forecasts to understand how the demand for different WtE technologies evolve over the next five  years

• Gain a comprehensive view of emerging market trends and developments to assess market opportunities

• Be better informed of your competition by gaining access to detailed information and analysis of key industry players

• Keep on top of M&A developments, JV’s and other agreements to assess the evolving competitive landscape and enhance your competitive position


  Who need this report?

  • Manufacturers 
  • Equipment Suppliers
  • EPC Companies
  • Government Bodies & Industry Organizations
  • IPP & Utilities
  • Investor Community
  • Financing Companies
  • Others

  What's included

Report - Global Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Market Outlook to 2028.pdf
Market Data - Global Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Market Outlook to 2028.xls

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  • Gain a deeper understanding of the impact of Covid-19 on the <Global Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Market>.
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  • Gain an understanding of uncertainty and discover how the most influential growth drivers and restraints in the regions will impact market development.
  • Assess market size data and forecasts to understand how the demand across various segments evolves over the next few years.
  • Gain a comprehensive view of the emerging market trends and developments to assess market opportunities.
  • Be better informed of your competition by gaining access to detailed information and analysis of key industry players.
  • Keep on top of M&A developments, JVs, and other agreements to assess the evolving competitive landscape and enhance your competitive position

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