Call +1(917) 993 7467 or connect with one of our experts to get full access to the most comprehensive and verified construction projects happening in your area. Close Section
Global Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Market - Size, Growth, Trends, and Forecast (Outlook to 2028)

Global Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Market - Size, Growth, Trends, and Forecast (Outlook to 2028)

Market Research Reports | Q1 2024 | Report ID: BR0352

About the Report

The production of both electricity and heat from a single fuel source is combined heat and power (CHP). It reclaims part of the lost energy by using "waste" heat to heat the power plant facilities or buildings connected to it through a steam pipe network known as district energy.


CHP systems provide significant environmental advantages because they capture and use heat that would otherwise be lost during electricity generation and require less fuel to generate the same amount of energy. Because less fuel is burned, greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants such as sulphur dioxide decrease.


By using a CHP system, less electricity is purchased from the grid, which helps in having less exposure to cost surges. A CHP system may be built to run on several fuel sources, including natural gas, biogas, coal, and biomass; hence, a facility might include fuel switching capabilities to protect itself against rising fuel prices.


CHP systems are becoming increasingly popular for onsite power production systems in industrial as well as rural distributed generation systems. While delivering the electrical load, CHP systems can generate enough thermal energy to offset the industrial and commercial demand for air conditioning systems in buildings. In rural regions, the extracted heat can be used to deliver hot water to homes.


On the basis of technology, it can be classified into the following:

  • Combined steam/gas turbine-based cogeneration system - In this system, fuel energy is initially used to power the gas turbine. The waste heat from the gas turbine's high-temperature exhaust flue gases is collected and used to produce high-pressure steam. A steam turbine expands this high-pressure steam to generate extra electric power. The consumer is supplied with low-pressure steam obtained from the exhaust of a steam turbine. These systems are often utilized in industries with a high energy need, such as refining, chemicals, cement, paper, pulp, sugar, and medicines. The thermal efficiency of cogeneration facilities based on a combined cycle power unit can exceed 80%.
  • Steam turbine-based cogeneration system - The fuel is first burned in a suitable boiler to produce high-pressure steam under pre-set conditions. A steam turbine then expands the resulting steam to generate mechanical power/electricity and low-pressure steam. The steam so extracted could be supplied to either process consumer or heat the feed water before entering the boiler. The rejected heat energy from the steam turbine is most efficiently used to meet the thermal energy requirement of that particular chemical process by adopting a non-condensing steam turbine-based cogeneration system. This sort of plant layout achieves an overall efficiency of about 80-85 percent. Steam turbine-based cogeneration systems can be fired with a variety of fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, or non-conventional fuels. As a result, the fuel flexibility for this sort of system is exceptional.
  • Gas turbine-based cogeneration system - Air is taken from the environment, compressed, and combined with fuel in a specified proportion in a combustor, where combustion occurs. The flue gases with a very high temperature from the combustor are expanded through a gas turbine, which drives an electric generator and air compressor. A portion of the mechanical power is utilized to compress the combustion air, while the remainder is transferred to electric power. The gas turbine-based cogeneration system is ideal for the chemical process industries where the demand for steam is relatively high and relatively constant compared to that of steam. Industrial gas turbine-based power plants installed to generate only electric power operate at the thermal efficiency of 25-35% only, depending on the type and size of a gas turbine. With a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) to generate the steam, overall plant efficiency of around 85-90% is easily achieved.
  • Reciprocating engine-based cogeneration system - The reciprocating engine is powered by fuel to drive the generator, which generates electrical power. The process steam is then created in the waste heat recovery boiler by recovering waste heat from engine exhaust. Low-speed reciprocating engines with high efficiency are commonly available. Because of the increased exhaust flue gas temperature and quantity, engines with medium and high speeds are commonly utilized for cogeneration applications. This system is particularly suitable for applications requiring a high ratio of electric power to steam. Only hydrocarbon-based fuels, such as high-speed diesel, light diesel oil, residual fuel oils, natural gas, can be used in reciprocating engines.


Drivers of Combined Heat and Power Market Growth

Government Incentives and support

Governments worldwide are actively promoting CHP systems to regulate greenhouse gases, supporting sustainable energy and energy conservation efforts and meeting their emission reduction targets.


The energy efficiency directive require E.U. countries must ensure that a cost-benefit analysis is conducted of the potential of using cogeneration when they plan to build or substantially refurbish a heat or electrical installation with a total thermal input exceeding 20 M.W., an industrial installation generating waste heat with a total thermal input exceeding 20 M.W., and a district heating or cooling network exceeding a total thermal input of 20 M.W.


Germany has been actively promoting CHP, and it has taken legislative measures to enable CHP penetration in the country. Under the CHP Act, the operators of CHP installations will have to offer their electricity to the market and will receive support in the form of a fixed premium on top of the market price, except for very small installations, which will be eligible to receive feed-in tariffs.


In the United States, 10% Energy Investment Tax Credit is provided for investment in CHP systems. At the federal level, the house passed a 10-year extension of the investment tax credit for CHP as part of the Build Back Better Bill in 2021.


The U.S. Department of Energy has a CHP deployment program through which it provides key services such as engagement and technical services through CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs), local market analysis, and a Packaged CHP catalogue (e-Catalogue).


In India, the majority of CHP installations occur in the industries such as sugar, cement, paper and pulp, etc. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has been implementing a cogeneration programme since mid-nineties. The programme offers Central Financial Assistance (CFA) and fiscal incentives of about INR 500,000 per M.W. of installed capacity. 


According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, over 800 biomass power and bagasse/non-bagasse cogeneration projects aggregating to 10170 MW capacity have been installed in the country for feeding power to the grid.


The demand for energy efficiency and power generation coupled with inclination towards sustainable energy and energy conservation efforts, government regulations to control carbon dioxide (CO2) gases into the atmosphere, rapid investments towards renewable energy technologies to limit carbon emissions, and low operating costs are some of the other drivers of the combined heat and power (CHP) market.


Recent developments and trends 

  • The U.S. is seeing an increase in steam and gas turbines due to the deployment of combined cycle gas-based power generation plants and increasing penetration of cogeneration systems. The implementation of different climate change programs and laws to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is projected to increase demand for gas turbines.
  • Government laws to reduce pollution levels in nations like Germany and France are projected to increase Europe's demand for CHP system installation.
  • In June 2021, the European Commission approved the revised version of Germany's Combined Heat and Power Act, which entered into force in August 2020. The act is approved until 2026, it will further promote energy efficiency, better integration of cogenerated power into the German electricity market and reduce CO2 emissions.



  • Governments are taking steps for the reduction of carbon footprint to protect the environment. As a result, governments and corporations worldwide are investing in renewable sources of energy, i.e., wind, solar, and hydroelectric energy. Growing investment in the construction of clean energy power plants, along with favorable government regulations, is expected to provide substantial commercial possibilities for manufacturers of combined heat and power systems in the future years.
  • The structure of China's chemical industry is changing as a result of tougher environmental laws, financing, and consolidation. While these shifts may benefit select prominent players in the long run, they could cause uncertainty for international players that source chemicals from China. That could create opportunities for manufacturers in India's chemical market in certain value chains and segments as the demand for combined steam-based cogeneration systems in this industry is very high.
  • Sales of Middle Eastern oil products are expected to rise by 2023 as new refineries open in the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Oman. The refining facility generates a large quantity of heat and fumes when crude oil is converted into lighter products. Manufacturers may tap into these markets to supply CHP generators that use waste heat and industrial gases to generate power and steam to meet onsite demand.
  • In India and China, government investment in infrastructure projects and affordable housing plans is growing, driving development in the cement sector. Manufacturers can expect an increased demand for cogeneration systems during this period of infrastructural advancements as power production from cement kiln waste heat gases is an energy-saving potential that has become an essential initiative in the cement industry, owing to changing power costs, advances in plant economy, and tight environmental rules for CO2 emissions reduction.
  • According to the New Buildings Institute (NBI), the demand for net-zero energy buildings across the U.S. and Canada are growing exponentially, and the trend is expected to continue. About 64% of the commercial buildings can attain net-zero energy goals with the use of technologies such as CHP. 


Regional analysis

The Asia-Pacific region is expected to dominate the CHP market due to the increasing demand for natural gas in the generation of electricity and other industrial purposes, which is expected to drive the CHP market. Since the recent coal crunch faced by major economies in the region like China and India are looking for cleaner alternatives to coal, such as natural gas. With the increasing use of natural gas, the demand for CHPs is expected to be robust.


Combined heat and power are already being used to enhance efficiency and reduce emissions from the U.S. electricity system. As of July 2021, over 200 microgrid sites in the U.S. use a CHP unit. The CHP is expected to be a key technology in future microgrid design, and there are significant opportunities to protect critical infrastructure facilities in terms of the number of sites.


In the European Union, cogeneration delivers 11% of its electricity and 16% of its heat, including more than 50% of its heat supplied to district heating. This reduces CO2 by 250 million tons, equivalent to 100 million internal combustion cars.


The E.U. also started project PACE, unlocking the large-scale deployment of the latest smart energy solutions for home fuel cell micro-cogeneration. The project aimed to deploy more than 2,800 of the next-generation fuel cell micro-cogeneration units in 10 European countries by 2022.


According to COGEN Europe, by 2030, cogeneration could generate 20% of electricity and 25% of heat. In a net-zero energy system by 2050, cogeneration will continue to play an important role, reducing energy systems costs by EUR 4-5 billion per year due to the energy savings, avoided grid loses and flexibility benefits.


The new report from Blackridge Research on Global CHP Market comprehensively analyses the CHP Market and provides deep insight into the current and future state of the industry.


The report covers detailed profiles of major countries across the world. Each country's CHP market analysis covers the current market scenario, market drivers, government policies & regulations, and market outlook.


In addition, market size, demand forecast, and market growth rates will be provided for all regions.


Following are the notable countries covered under each region.


 North America - United States, Canada, Mexico, and Rest of North America

 Europe - Germany, France, United Kingdom (U.K.), Russia, and Rest of Europe

 Asia-Pacific - China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Rest of APAC

 Rest of the world - Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Nigeria, South Africa, and other countries


Key Company Profiles

This report presents detailed profiles of Key companies in the CHP industry. In general, each company profile includes - an overview of the company, relevant products and services, a financial overview, and recent developments. Some of the leading players in the report are 2G Energy AG, Siemens Energy, Cummins Inc etc.


The report provides a comprehensive list of notable companies in the market, including mergers and acquisitions (M&As), joint ventures (J.V.s), partnerships, collaborations, and other business agreements.


The study also discusses the strategies adopted by leading players in the industry.


Impact of COVID 19

Covid pandemic hit industries and businesses globally, and the CHP industry is no exception. The manufacturers suffered a huge setback in dispatches and order bookings. The restrictions in international markets and stringent travel curtailments resulted in considerable loss of order bookings and aftersales services.


According to the IMF World Economic Outlook published in April 2021, global growth is projected at 4% in 2022. The projection for 2022 is much stronger than October 2020 World Economic Outlook. The growth indicates the additional financial support in a few large economies, anticipated vaccine-powered recovery, and continued adaptation of economic activity to somber mobility.


High uncertainty looms over this outlook due to the probable third wave and the evolution of financial conditions. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the oil & gas industry has already been profound.


Depending upon the path of the pandemic, capital availability, and financial conditions, utilities might postpone some of their generation investments, in turn affecting the CHP market demand.


Market Segmentation and Forecast

The report dissects the Global CHP Market into various segments (by fuel type and by Application). A detailed summary of the current scenario, recent developments, and market outlook will be provided for each segment.


Further, market size and demand forecasts will be presented along with various drivers and barriers for individual market segments.


The study examines the drivers, restraints, and regional trends influencing Global CHP Market demand and growth. The critical elements of the CHP industry supply chain, its structure, and participants will also be provided in the report.


Using Porter's five forces framework, the report covers the assessment of the CHP industry's state of competition and profitability.


The report also addresses present and future market opportunities, market trends, developments, and the impact of Covid-19 on the CHP Market, important commercial developments, trends, regions, and segments poised for fastest growth, competitive landscape, and market share of key players in detail.


Further, the report will also provide CHP Market size, demand forecast, and growth rates.

  Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Research Scope and Methodology

3. Market Analysis

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Market Dynamics
    • 3.2.1. Drivers
    • 3.2.2 Restraints
  • 3.3 Market Trends & Developments
  • 3.4 Market Opportunities
  • 3.5 Market Size and Forecast

4. Industry Analysis

  • 4.1 Supply Chain Analysis
  • 4.2 Porter's Five Forces Analysis

5. Market Segmentation & Forecast

  • 5.1 By Fuel Type
    • 5.1.1 Natural Gas
    • 5.1.2 Coal
    • 5.1.3 Others
  • 5.2 By Application
    • 5.2.1 Commercial
    • 5.2.2 Industrial
    • 5.2.3 Others

6. Regional Market Analysis

  • 6.1 North America
  • 6.2 Europe
  • 6.3 Asia-Pacific
  • 6.4 Rest of the World

7. Key Company Profiles

  • 7.1 2G Energy AG
  • 7.2 INNIO Jenbacher GmbH & Co OG
  • 7.3 Siemens Energy
  • 7.4 Caterpillar Inc
  • 7.5 Clarke Energy Ltd (Kohler Company)
  • 7.6 MAN Energy Solutions
  • 7.7 Cummins Inc
  • 7.8 Dalkia Aegis, EDF Group
  • 7.9 Capstone Green Energy
  • 7.10 General Electric
  • 7.11 mtu (Rolls-Royce plc)
  • 7.12 Other Notable Players

8. Competitive Landscape

  • 8.1 List of Notable Players in the Market
  • 8.2 M&A, JV, and Agreements
  • 8.3 Market Share Analysis
  • 8.4 Strategies of Key Players

9. Conclusions and Recommendations

List of Tables & Figures


Additional Notes


  This report helps to:-

  • Gain a deeper understanding of the impact of COVID 19 on the global combined heat and power (CHP) market.
  • Equip yourself with rigorous analysis and forward-looking insight into the global combined heat and power market across various regions
  • Gain an understanding of uncertainty and discover how the most influential growth drivers and restraints in the regions will impact market development
  • Assess market data and forecasts to understand how the demand for different segments evolve over the next five years
  • Gain a comprehensive view of the emerging market trends and developments to assess market opportunities
  • Be better informed of your competition by gaining access to detailed information and analysis of key industry players.
  • Keep on top of M&A developments, JVs, and other agreements to assess the evolving competitive landscape and enhance your competitive position.

  Who need this report?

  • Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • EPC Companies
  • Utilities and Other End-User Companies
  • Government Bodies and Industry Organizations
  • Others

  What's included

Report - Global Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Market Outlook to 2028.pdf
Market Data - Global Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Market Outlook to 2028.xls

  Common Questions

You can purchase the report directly by selecting the licence type above and paying with a credit or debit card. Please contact for other payment options.

We can provide quarterly and half yearly report updates. Please contact for more information.

Single User License
The Single User License will provide access to only one user.

Team User License
The Team License will provide access only up to 7 users. This is great for a team.

Corporate License
This Premium package is ideal for large companies. By having Corporate license, any employee of your organization or its subsidiaries can access the report. You will also receive free industry update after six months and also a white label powerpoint presentation.

Yes, if you'd like to select certain sections of the report, please contact

The report publication process involves several steps: Secondary Research, Discussion Guide Preparation, Primary Research (interviews, surveys, among others), Data Triangulation, Market Engineering, Data Validation, and Report Writing. One of the research specialists will explain the research process in detail. For more details about the report methodology, contact us at

If for any reason you're not satisfied with the report, just email us at We will make sure it's resolved!

We're here to help from day one, with 24/6 outstanding support. For report purchases, we will provide post-purchase analyst support for any queries that you may have related to report up to one year.

Got a Question?

Sujith will help you find what you are looking for.

Call: +1 (917) 993 7467
+91 8500 460 460


Haven’t found what you’re looking for?

More than 70% of our clients seek customized reports. Reach us out to get yours today!

Please Enter Business Email Address

By clicking "Submit" you are indicating that you have read and agree to be bound by the Blackridge Terms of Service and Privacy Policy .